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Range is a value that defines how far a basic attack, ability, summoner spell, and item active can reach.

Range is defined in an arbitrary quantities of "units". It shares the scale of "units" with movement speed, so one point translates to one game distance unit traveled. Note that basic attack range is defined differently than ability range.

Given a source unit's hitbox and a target unit's hitbox, range is calculated as follows: basic attack range from edge to edge; targeted skill range from center to center (barring exceptions); skillshot range from center to edge*; and the range of self-centered area of effects are from the center of the source (the larger champions benefit slightly less from most auras than smaller champions). The difference is approximately 125 (i.e. 550 basic attack range is roughly 675 casting range)[1][2][3]

Each champion begins the game with a particular base basic attack range. This can vary from 125 to 250 for melee units and 300 to 650 for ranged units. As of V9.24, Aphelios Aphelios (while his main weapon main weapon is Calibrum Calibrum) and Caitlyn Caitlyn have the highest base basic attack range at level 1 with 650. The highest possible range is held by Senna Senna, whose passive, Absolution Absolution, allows her range to scale indefinitely.

Champion ranges

Increasing Attack Range

The following game elements increase the Champion icon.png champion's respective Range icon.png attack range without affecting their range type (Melee role.png melee or Ranged role.png ranged).

Champion abilities

Items

Runes

Range Type Modifiers

The following abilities change a champion attack classification from Melee role.png melee to Ranged role.png ranged, or vice versa.

Range Exclusivity

Champion with range type modifiers are not affected by item range-restrictions.

Range Type Differences

The following game elements have their effects modified based on the champion range type, Melee role.png melee or Ranged role.png ranged.

Items

Runes

Buffs

Others

Size Modifiers

Ranges calculated from the Range model.png edge of a champion's hitbox will see an increase or decrease in reach based on the champion's current size. Note that a change in range due to the champion's size is only relative to the champion's center and is not an explicitly mentioned effect (i.e. the champion's attack range stat will not increase).

Targeted Abilities (Exceptions)

The following targeted spells calculate their range like a basic attack (Range model.png edge-to-edge)

Trivia

  • On V9.20, Ivern Ivern became the first champion to have its range type changed, from Melee role.png Melee to Ranged role.png Ranged.
  • Range icon.png Attack ranges can have negative values.
    • Kennen's Kennen's Lightning Rush Lightning Rush reduces his attack range by 575 to -25 while the effect is active.
    • Alistar's Alistar's Headbutt Headbutt reduces his attack range by 500 to -375 during the dash, to prevent him from being able to attack the target when he completes the dash.

References

  1. Hitboxes, Range and Deflection. "Hitboxes, Range, and Deflection" by Snickersnacks. Wayback Machine. Retrieved 13 April 2018
  2. Annie q and normal attack same 625 range, but normal attack range longer than q, Why?. Retrieved 13 August 2012
  3. What's the difference between spell range and autoattack range?. Retrieved 13 August 2012
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