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Farming is the act of killing waves of Minion icon minions and Monster icon monsters to gather Gold gold and Experience icon experience. Farming is an essential component of early-game laning, when players try to overpower the enemy through an arms-race. Early game is the safest time players can farm to buy items and learn abilities that increase their power.

Last Hitting

How to Farm

Gold is granted to the champion that deals the killing blow on a minion or monster. This is known as a 'last hit' and is considered one of the most important skills in League of Legends. Last hitting will increase a champion's 'creep score' (CS), which represents the champion's total farm. In the early and mid game, CS and Kill to Death Ratio (KDA) can be used to gauge how a player is doing compared to their respective lane opponent. Many players will use their basic attack to Last Hit, but several champions, especially AP champs, also have low cost executes or area burst to last hit. Melee minions can take two tower shots and be easy to attack for most ad champions. Caster minions are best to hit once after taking a single tower shot.

Farming Under Turret

Farming Under Turret

How to farm under turret

When to farm

The early game, also known as the Laning phase, is the safest phase for farming, when champions are not well equipped for fights. Because of this inability, progression in the game is more focused on gaining power rather than claiming objectives. Once players attain access to all their abilities, farming becomes less of a priority as objectives start to become viable goals.

Wave Management

Players have adopted a number of techniques to manipulate the minion wave to their advantage.

Freezing

Freezing a minion wave is often done to secure a safe location to farm, it can also act as a preparation to slow push the wave. To keep a minion wave in place, a laner essentially attempts to maintain the equilibrium of the two opposing forces. This is determined by gauging a negative correlation between the timing of the allied wave's arrival to the fight versus how many extra enemy minions are already fighting (ergo, if the allied wave will arrive sooner, more extra enemy minions are needed alive).

Freezing becomes ideal during the early game when champions are not powerful enough to claim objectives, and therefore the fight maintains within the territory limits where freezing is easier to manage.


Slow Push

A slow push will accumulate a bigger minion wave, which can pressure a tower and serve as a distraction for the enemy. A minion wave will naturally push towards a direction if it overwhelms the opposing wave, increasing in total size with each victory. In enemy territory, the numbers advantage will have to be even greater to counteract the quick timing of enemy reinforcements. To create a slow push, a laner would allow a generous minion advantage to their wave. It is recommended to remove only caster minions because they have no resistances to stall the push.

Slow pushing becomes ideal when a laner is required elsewhere and cannot maintain the lane pressure, such as when teams gain enough power to start focusing on kills and objectives. By leaving their wave at an advantage, it will eventually accumulate into a formidable push that substitutes the need for a champion.

Fast Push

A fast push accumulates a minion advantage very fast, creating immediate lane pressure ideal for quick responses. It differs from a slow push in that one would remove only melee and siege minions from the enemy wave.

Fast pushing becomes ideal when one desires to create immediate lane pressure, such as a response to enemy inattention, or to pressure the enemy out of tower defense.

Wave

A wave in Summoner's Rift consists from six to seven minions and has value of at least Gold 355.5. As the passive gold gain is 19 gold per 10 seconds this translates that being able to clear each minion in a wave generates roughly double the amount than simply standing around. As wave value slowly increases over time clearing out a merged wave can result in a significant burst of income.

Table Chart

Below there's an updated (Season 10) table chart for the perfect CS at given minutes up until an hour of gameplay. Times are for when the next wave spawns, (e.g. first wave spawns at 1:05, second wave at 1:35, meaning, up until 1:35, only 6 CS are possible). The table does not take super minions or jungle monsters into the calculations.

Super minions only spawn on lanes where enemy inhibitors are destroyed, 7 minions per wave for 5 minutes in this order: super minion, 3 melee minions and 3 casters minions. When all enemy inhibitors are destroyed, super minions are doubled on each lane until one of them respawns, creating waves of 8 minions each.

CS Chart
Minions Minutes:Seconds
6 1:35
12 2:05
19 2:35
25 3:05
31 3:35
38 4:05
44 4:35
50 5:05
57 5:35
63 6:05
69 6:35
76 7:05
82 7:35
88 8:05
95 8:35
101 9:05
107 9:35
114 10:05
120 10:35
126 11:05
133 11:35
139 12:05
145 12:35
152 13:05
158 13:35
164 14:05
171 14:35
177 15:05
184 15:35
190 16:05
197 16:35
203 17:05
210 17:35
216 18:05
223 18:35
229 19:05
236 19:35
242 20:05
249 20:35
255 21:05
262 21:35
268 22:05
275 22:35
281 23:05
288 23:35
294 24:05
301 24:35
307 25:05
314 25:35
321 26:05
328 26:35
335 27:05
342 27:35
349 28:05
356 28:35
363 29:05
370 29:35
377 30:05
384 30:35
391 31:05
398 31:35
405 32:05
412 32:35
419 33:05
426 33:35
433 34:05
440 34:35
447 35:05
454 35:35
461 36:05
468 36:35
475 37:05
482 37:35
489 38:05
496 38:35
503 39:05
510 39:35
517 40:05
524 40:35
531 41:05
538 41:35
545 42:05
552 42:35
559 43:05
566 43:35
573 44:05
580 44:35
587 45:05
594 45:35
601 46:05
608 46:35
615 47:05
622 47:35
629 48:05
636 48:35
643 49:05
650 49:35
657 50:05
664 50:35
671 51:05
678 51:35
685 52:05
692 52:35
699 53:05
706 53:35
713 54:05
720 54:35
727 55:05
734 55:35
741 56:05
748 56:35
755 57:05
762 57:35
769 58:05
776 58:35
783 59:05
790 59:35
797 60:05
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